Terms frequently used throughout the SPARC Portal and Help Center

Addition to a dataset complying with SPARC standards; includes analysis information, knowledge, or commentary

Repository of data and metadata that can be selectively shared with Portal users

Dataset Owner
Dataset Owners can invite people and teams to their dataset, edit and delete models, records and files. Additionally, only owners can request to publish a dataset to the SPARC Portal

SPARC DRC Core that stores, organizes, manages and tracks access to SPARC-generated data and resources

Globally unique persistent identifier identifying a digital object. SPARC uses DOIs to identify datasets and protocols

SPARC's Data and Resource Center (DRC) develops databases, connectivity maps, and simulation tools for the mammalian autonomic nervous system

Optional SPARC dataset publication hold for up to 12 months. A datasets’ metadata and release date are publicly available, but the data is only available by request until the release date

FAIR Data Principles
Guidelines aiming to make data Findable, Accessible, Interoperable and Reusable for humans and machines

Compliance with guidelines aiming to make data Findable, Accessible, Interoperable and Reusable for humans and machines

2D representation of anatomical structures and connectivity serving as query interfaces and visual representations of the SPARC Knowledge Graph

In silico
Research conducted or produced by means of computer modeling or computer simulation

SPARC DRC Core focused on quality curation (FAIRness of SPARC datasets) and knowledge management (building SPARC Knowledge Graph)

SPARC DRC Core that builds interactive, modular, continually updated visualizations of nerve-organ anatomy and function

Concepts and categories showing relationships between properties. Annotates SPARC data, enhances search, and encodes project-derived knowledge

A persistent digital identifier that a researcher owns and controls, and that distinguishes them from every other researcher

Cloud-based platform for data curation and management. Readies SPARC datasets for publishing and sharing before data are made public
Online platform for sharing, creating, and managing experimental protocols. Protocols must accompany SPARC datasets to show how data were collected

Information on the origins and history of a dataset or other digital object

Make a dataset publicly available. A dataset is published in SPARC when it is released to the Pennsieve Discover portal with a DOI and CC-BY license

An update made to dataset metadata (e.g., title, description) not requiring an updated DOI

Mathematical model providing a 3D coordinate framework for defining anatomical shape and other embedded anatomical data.

Process of partitioning a complex image into segments to extract specific signals or structures for analysis or communication

SPARC DRC Core developing an online framework to host and connect simulations to create predictive, multiscale, multiphysics models

Computational models, data processing, and data visualization pipeline datasets that o²S²PARC can launch

Software simplifying SPARC dataset submission and organization by handling complex or repetitive tasks via an intuitive, interactive interface

The Common Fund’s Stimulating Peripheral Activity to Relieve Conditions program

SPARC dataset
Collection of data and metadata produced by a SPARC-supported lab, uploaded to the SPARC data platform, and available on the SPARC Portal

SPARC Knowledge Graph
The SPARC Knowledge Graph comprises the semantic markup of SPARC data, and models according to the SPARC Minimal Information Standard, and the SPARC Connectivity Knowledge base with the SPARC vocabularies. The SPARC Knowledge Graph is used to enhance search across SPARC data.

DOI-specific, version-controlled iteration of a dataset. A new dataset version is released with any changes to datasets’ files or scientific metadata.

Databases and infrastructure for serving and managing terminology for SPARC